Why is Gastrology Endoscopy Necessary in the Early Diagnosis?

1. What is gastrology endoscopy?

Gastrology endoscopy is a medical examination method that uses a thin and soft tube to extend into the patient's stomach. The electronic display allows doctors to directly observe changes in patient's esophagus, stomach and duodenum lesions, especially for small lesions. In addition, doctors can perform the pathological biopsy and cytological examination of suspicious lesions to further confirm the diagnosis, which is the first choice for the examination of upper gastrointestinal lesions.

Some common gastrointestinal symptoms in clinical practice, such as dysphagia, stomachache, stomach distension, heartburn, acid reflux, are often caused by esophageal cancer, gastritis, gastric ulcer, and gastric cancer and other digestive system diseases. The most accurate and intuitive way to diagnose these diseases is to do a gastrology endoscopy.

2. Why do people need gastrology endoscopy?

Gastrology endoscopy can directly reflect whether the patient has ulcers, active inflammation, precancerous lesions, tumors, polyps and other lesions. At the same time, it can also directly check the lesion tissue for cytological and pathological testing to exclude stomach cancer. In addition, gastrology endoscopy can also perform endoscopic treatment of the lesions while examination, which can avoid the trauma and risks that traditional open surgery brings to patients.

Early diagnosis is the key to improve the cure rate of gastric cancer! The 5-year survival rate of early gastric cancer (the lesion only invades the mucosa and submucosa) can reach more than 90% after radical resection, and the treatment effect is significantly better than that of advanced gastric cancer (the lesion breaks through the submucosa).

According to research, the early diagnosis rate of gastrointestinal tumors in Japan can reach 70%. On average, 1 out of 10 people in Japan will do a gastrology endoscopy each year. At present, the United States, Australia and other countries are gradually adopting gastroscopy and colonoscopy as routine examinations for health examination and outpatients or inpatients.

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